Describe at least one relevant key idea in the text. Explain why the key idea in the text could still be relevant today.
In the non-fiction, "On two feet and wings", written by Abbas Kazarooni, a key idea is delivered. It is the idea that in times of overcoming adversity, we need others to show a sense of humanity to help us succeed. This is highlighted through the experience of the protagonist, Abbas Kazarooni, a nine-year old boy who survived against the odds alone in a foreign country. He grew up in Iran in the 1980s, at the height of the Ian-Iraq war. From Iran, Abbas was forced to flee his country and leave his family when the Ayatollah government lowered their recruitment age for boy to eight. The author's childhood experiences, written as an autobiography and memoir, emphasise the importance of understanding the key idea in relevance to today's events. He utilised a range of techniques and situations to achieve this.
The story narrates a young boy's solo journey in the city of Instabul, Turkey. Due to Abbas' family background and history with the previous Shah dynasty, "Children like me would be picked first", the protagonist explains the reason for leaving. This is because, "because my father had links with the Shah". Based on the author's past experience, the memoir is deliberately narrated in childish clement of him. In this narration, the readers are able to be aware of his identity, despite of the responsibilities bearing on his young shoulders. The key idea is introduced when Abbas arrived at the Instabul airport, but is unexpectedly abandoned by his father's friend. Yet ironically, it was a complete stranger who saved the situation. The kind-hearted taxi-driver, Ahmed, took him from hotel-to-hotel until settling in one of a reasonable price and owner. Although he has no relations to Abbas, his compassion and empathy prevented the protagonist from rooming on the foreign streets at night. He left by saying, "You need lots of help, and I want to...
Ayatollah Khomeini became the supreme religious leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979, following many years of resistance to Shah Pahlavi. Following his appointment as Ayatollah, Khomeini worked to remove the Shah from power for his associations with the West. Upon the success of the revolution Ayatollah Khomeini was named religious and political leader of Iran for life.
The Iran-Iraq War was multifaceted and included religious schisms, border disputes, and political differences. Conflicts contributing to the outbreak of hostilities ranged from centuries-old Sunni-versus-Shia and Arab-versus-Persian religious and ethnic disputes, to a personal animosity between Saddam Hussein and Ayatollah Khomeini. Above all, Iraq launched the war in an effort to consolidate its rising power in the Arab world and to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state. Phebe Marr, a noted analyst of Iraqi affairs, stated that "the war was more immediately the result of poor political judgement and miscalculation on the part of Saddam Hussein," and "the decision to invade, taken at a moment of Iranian weakness, was Saddam's".