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Berlin Wall, President Kennedy's Speech, Escape methods, Diagram of the wall, Contruction, Fall of Berlin Wall, Reagans speech, Stasiland, Anna Funder.year12 texts, english literature, abc podcast, how to create a timeline.

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The History Channel

On August 13, 1961, the Communist government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR, or East Germany) began to build a barbed wire and concrete "Antifascistischer Schutzwall," or "antifascist bulwark," between East and West Berlin. The official purpose of this Berlin Wall was to keep Western "fascists" from entering East Germany and undermining the socialist state, but it primarily served the objective of stemming mass defections from East to West. The Berlin Wall stood until November 9, 1989, when the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border whenever they pleased. That night, ecstatic crowds swarmed the wall. Some crossed freely into West Berlin, while others brought hammers and picks and began to chip away at the wall itself. To this day, the Berlin Wall remains one of the most powerful and enduring symbols of the Cold War.






Berliner Mauer 1969-1981

A fantastic site with all you need to know about the Berlin Wall.

Berlin Wall Online

History today

The Berlin Wall was a tangible symbol of the suppression of human rights by the Eastern bloc during the Cold War, but Frederick Taylor asks whether it was more convenient to the Western democracies than their rhetoric suggested



BBC Biographies

Selected biographies of historic figures featured on

Ronald ReaganReagan was 40th President of the United States, regarded as a key figure in the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War.

John F KennedyKennedy was the 35th president of the United States, an immensely popular leader Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States, an immensely popular leader .